Information and Communication Technology (ICT) plays the important role in development process of the Georgian economy. As the result of economic reforms carried out in Georgia the liberalized and de-monopolized market was settled in the country. There is the favorable environment for investments and for implementation of new services and info-communications means. Competition is progressively developing which positively effects on the service quality and its accessibility for the population.
Regarding the Governance of ICT sector in the country it must be underlined that the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development is responsible for policy development from the government in the field of ICT. At the same time the mission of the Ministry of Economy and Sustainable Development is to provide stable and high temps of economic growth with working up and implementation an effective economic policy. The government of the country is implementing consistent structural and institutional reforms with aim to provide the most favorable business environment.
In 2000 the national regulatory authority in ICT - Georgian National Communications Commission – GNCC has been established in Georgia. The GNCC is governed by very strict rules implying transparency, independence, consultation and conflict of interest avoidance.
On the other side ICT sector is one of the component part (subject of teaching and development) for the most Georgian universities, high education schools and research institutes in which there are several ICT specializations and scientific directions. There are private companies, SMEs, NGOs in the field of ICT (especially in telecommunication area), which are mainly working as a service provider companies.
For stabile and secure communication among the governmental bodies Georgian government has launched Georgian Governmental Network GGN project that has started in November 2006. The first phase of project was accomplished and the Georgian Governmental Network was connecting more than 400 of different ministries and agencies. There was established network management center, maintained installation and switching in the net of IP telephony and also its technical service. At the same time mentioned network offers the customer the wide Internet services. In parallel almost all ministries started development of e-services. In 2010 the Data Exchange Agency DEA was created. The mail goals of DEA are following:
- E-Governance development,
- Creation of the data exchange infrastructure,
- Information security.
In 2008 creation of the Georgian school network and its connection to the Georgian Governmental Network started. In 2011 all Georgian schools and resource centers where connected via Virtual Private Network.
The modern technologies based GGN stipulates the development of IP protocol-supported, integrated and protected VPN type of computer network all over the Georgia that enables the online interconnection of governmental bodies, exchange of any type of digital data between central and regional agencies, considerably decreasing the communication costs of state authorities, allowing the use of high-speed, as well as that of the ordinary internet access at affordable rates.
ICT Environment in Georgia
This document presents the national ICT R&D environment in Georgia. It’s an update of an older document created under EXTEND project
Updated ICT RTD Fact Sheet for Georgia
This document is an updated fact sheet about RTD in ICT in Georgia. The original document had been created under EXTEND project.
Documents developed under previous projects:
|ICT Environment in Georgia|
|ICT RTD Fact Sheet|
|Success Story of EU-Georgia ICT RTD collaboration|
EECA contact point in Georgia